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Causes of acid reflux are the Physiological factors that trigger GERD include lower esophageal sphincter (LES) hypotonia (the gradual weakening of the LES), along with the retrograde flow of stomach contents into the esophagus, and the level of sensitivity of the esophageal mucus to the reflux content.
CAUSES OF ACID REFLUX
The food that you swallow is the Causes of acid reflux. They travel down your throat and are pushed by contractions of the muscular esophagus. In the area where the esophagus joins the stomach a valve-like mechanism, known as lower esophageal sphincter (LES), is located.
1. LES malfunction is the first factor
LES malfunction is number 1 of the Causes of acid reflux and contributes to gastro-esophageal reflux disease. In a healthy individual, the LES relaxes only when food passes from the esophagus into the stomach.
After the food passes into the stomach, the valve shuts off, keeping the stomach content and acid inside. However, when the LES is weak and doesn’t close properly, acid can splash up into your throat causing a painful burning sensation, called heartburn.
There are several factors/conditions, which can prevent the LES from being closed properly. These factors/conditions include genetic weakness, obesity, and excessive fat ingestion. In addition to that, all muscles in the human body tend to sag as part of the aging process, including the LES.
2. Behavior and lifestyle
The second factor, or rather the group of factors that causes gastro-esophageal reflux disease, are behavioral and lifestyle-related.
As mentioned above, a weakened LES is one of the direct physiological causes of acid reflux disease. Various food ingredients, drugs, and nervous system processes can weaken this muscle, thus contributing to GERD.
Acid reflux can also be the result of fungal yeast infection that builds up in the colon. When Candida albicans turn from yeast to fungi, they depress the immune system and produce more than 79 distinct toxins that may be responsible for many of the symptoms that Candida sufferers have including heartburn.
When Candida gets out of control, it breaks through the intestinal walls and travels throughout the body. It can attach itself to the genital areas, the mouth and the esophagus among many other parts of the body.
When Candida goes out of control, it begins to ferment and reflux the contents of the stomach upward through the small intestines, through the stomach and then through the esophagus, causing infection, burning, and damage to the esophagus
What Aggravates Acid Reflux?
Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter at the base of the esophagus isn’t working well, allowing fluid from the stomach to enter the esophagus. The worst foods for reflux can worsen painful symptoms, while other foods can soothe them, says GI surgeon Leena Khaitan, MD
“Diet changes can significantly affect acid reflux and allow you to avoid other treatments,” Dr. Khaitan says.
Risk Factors for Acid Reflux and Heartburn
Anyone can experience occasional acid reflux and heartburn. For example, you may experience these symptoms after eating too quickly. You may notice them after consuming lots of spicy food or high-fat treats.
You’re more likely to develop GERD if you:
- are overweight or obese
- are pregnant
- have diabetes
Eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia nervosa, may also contribute to some cases of GERD. “People who induce vomiting, or have in the past, can have an increased risk of heartburn,” says Jacqueline L. Wolf, M.D., an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.
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